|| issue 2, year XVI, 2009
ANIBAL CAVACO SILVA PRESIDENT OF THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC, SPECIALLY FOR "EUROPE 2001" MAGAZINE
H. E. MR. RUI FELIX-ALVES AMBASSADOR OF THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC
TO BULGARIA: OUR MAIN OBJECT IS AN INCREASE IN THE TRADE RELATIONS
Interview by Valentin Kostov
PORTUGAL: A VISITING CARD
BILATERAL RELATIONS BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA AND THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC
By Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Direction "Europe II"
Political relations between Bulgaria and Portugal were established for the first time in 1925. The democratic changes in Bulgaria after 1989 made the relations much more intensive. Bulgaria appreciates that Portugal continuously supported its accession to EU and NATO. One of the weak points of the bilateral relations is trade. The total amount of Portuguese investments in Bulgaria for the period 2000-2008 is 23,6 million euro and more than 80% of them were realized during the last four years of the period.
THE PORTUGUESE ECONOMY: A MODEL AMONG THE RENEWABLE SOURCES
After the example of its European partners Portugal has been developing economy based on services for the last 20 years. Today this branch ensures half of the employment, while industry ensures 1/4 of the employment. There has been a significant progress in the environment preservation during the last few years. Portugal is 18th in the Environmental Economic Index 2008 of the World economic forum, where 149 countries participate. Investments in renewable sources are serious, especially in the production of wind energy, which is now 11% of the total energy consumption in Portugal. This places Portugal third in the European rating of the European Association for Wind Energy.
PORTUGAL AND EU
By Teresa Ribeiro, Portuguese State Secretary for European Affairs
More than 20 years after the accession of Portugal to the EU the balance is positive. The European choice has contributed significantly to the progress of Portugal, especially to its economical development, modernization and consolidation of the democracy. Europe has brought, as well, opening to the world and international approval, and thus has been put an end to the isolation of the Portuguese foreign policy of that time.
LITERATURE WITH NO BOUNDARIES
By Yana Andreeva-Konstantinova, Doctor of Philology in Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski"
The beginning of the centuries-old Portuguese literature was set when the Portuguese language had been established as one of the Roman languages in the westernmost part of the Roman Empire in XI century. The article makes a review of the Portuguese literature with some of the most significant authors since the establishment of Portugal until today.
PORTUGAL READERS MEET BULGARIAN AUTHORS
Interview by Maria Angelova
Interview with Zdravka Naydenova, chairwoman of the Portuguese Speaking Association in Bulgaria
PORTUGAL: SUN AND SEA
Translation from English: Aleksandra Timerman and Yoana Georgieva
Portugal has been a tourism country for decades. It is open to visitors from all over the world, who touch its history and culture and find many different experiences. The number of tourists who visit Portugal annually is greater than the number of the Portuguese citizens (nearly 24 million foreign tourists in 2007, while the population of Portugal is 10.6 million people). These numbers place Portugal in Top 20 of the most visited countries in the world.
HERITAGE FOR HUMANITY
By materials of Camoes Institute and National UNESCO Commision
The UNESCO World Heritage Convention was ratified by Portugal in 1979. Today there are more than 800 sites in the World Heritage List, including 13 in Portugal and 21 more around the world, which are made by Portuguese. Since the middle of the XV century Portugal has been the gateway of Europe to the other continents and has contributed to the mixture of races, cultures and lifestyles. The Portuguese World Heritage sites include the central zone of the town Angra do Heroismo in the Azores, the Convent of Christ in Tomar, the Monastery of Batalha, the Jeronimos Monastery and Tower of Belem in Lisbon, the historic centre of Evora, the Monastery of Alcobaca, the cultural landscape of Sintra, the historic centre of Porto, the prehistoric rock-art sites in the Coa valley, the laurisilva of Madeira, Alto Douro wine region, the historic centre of Guimaraes and the landscape of the Pico Island vineyard culture.
LISBON: THE CITY OF TRAVELLERS
By Maria Angelova
Lisbon is not the place where you are likely to ride a bike. Just like Moscow, Istanbul, Rome and Plovdiv the PortugalвЂ™s capital lies on seven hills. The narrow, steep streets and steps in the old part of the city take you up at enchanting squares and terraces from where breathtaking views of the capital and River Tagus are spread in front of you. These terraces, called miradouros, are lovely places to rest and have a cup of coffee while enjoying the scenery.
By Georgi Mitov
"Fate", "omen", "loneliness", "homesickness" or "sadness" - none of these words is comprehensive enough to describe fado. It is something more than just poetry and music; it is a way of life. Fado is sad city music, often called the Portuguese blues. Pessimism and desperation underlie fado. ItвЂ™s accompanied by typical Portuguese guitar (with six double strings).
MARISA: I LIVE FOR THE MUSIC
Interview by Georgi Mitov
AZULEJO, ARCHITECTURE AND THE CITY
By materials of Camoes Institute, The National Museum of Azulejo and The Portuguese Museum Institute
Azulejo is one of the most expressive forms of Portuguese art and one of the most precious and original contributions of Portugal to the world. The Portuguese azulejo goes far beyond its function of being just decorative art; it has acquired the status of an art which poetically intervenes in the creation of the architecture of the cities in Portugal.
THE CINEMA OF NON-ILLUSIONS: REALISM, DOCUMENTALITY AND FICTION
By Francisco Nazareth
The author is a lecturer in Portuguese Language and Culture at the Camoes Institute. He traces back the history of ideas and concepts in the Portuguese cinema since the 50s until today. The article is a profound study of the relations between social processes and the images that appear in Portuguese movies. No matter how much spread abroad, the Portuguese cinema is cinema for Portugal and its social phenomena.
INTERESTING... ABOUT THE PORTUGUESE CUISINE
By Georgi Mitov
Sea, mountains and plains are the three basics of the Portuguese cuisine. At least this is what connoisseurs would say about it. Then they would add "fish is a cult, as the cult of the sea". When out into the open sea Portuguese seamen probably recalled the hot meals with meat and vegetables at home. The discovery of the new continents, peoples and cultures, probably reminded them of the sweet, cherished moments spent with the lovely Portuguese desserts.
ABOUT THREE PLACES OF MEMORY IN LUXEMBURG
By Zdravka Konstantinova
The buildings presented in this article are situated very close to each other at the border between the old and the new part of the city. They are The Museum of Modern Art Grand-Duc Jean and the Philharmonie Luxembourg. These buildings express the idea of preservation of the heritage exactly where one of the "fathers" of the idea for a united Europe Robert Schumann was born.
FAMOUS PERSONALITIES FROM PORTUGAL
DORA GOSPODINOVA (MARTA)
BILYANA BACHVAROVA: THE RIGHT WAY TO THE HEART
By Dochka Kisyova-Gogova